1. Introduction

The European Union is a supranational organisation that gathers 28 member states in a consortium of liberal democracies. It plays a central role in combating discrimination in Europe, partly thanks to the European Parliament (EP). Before getting into the details, we will briefly review the key political institutions of the EU, as European law has had a powerful effect in broadening and strengthening national laws on equality in the EU’s member states.

EU map
Source: European Union