1. European Parliament: organisation and competences
Parliament is currently the only European institution the members of which are elected by direct universal suffrage every 5 years. It is made up of 705 deputies from the 27 member countries in a number proportional to their population.
This is the current composition of the European Parliament:
Source: European Parliament
This infographic summarises the powers currently attributed to the EP, mostly on the basis of the Lisbon Treaty