1. How is the Parliament organised?

The Parliament is today the only European institution whose members are, every five years, elected by direct universal suffrage. The European Parliament consists of 751 members or MEPs from 28 countries across Europe. The number of MEPs each country has is based on its population.

This is the current composition of the European Parliament: 

Current composition of the European Parliament

Source: European Parliament

The infographic below summarises the current law-making powers of the European Parliament, after the Lisbon Treaty

EP powers